“Los Angeles, give me some of you! Los Angeles, come to me the way I came to you, my feet over the streets, you pretty town I love you so much, you sad flower in the sand, you pretty town”
By JULIA WICK, Editor, Sustainable Planning
In Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies, Reyner Banham’s seminal 1971 take on LA, Banham wrote that he, “like earlier generations of English intellectuals who taught themselves Italian in order to read Dante in the original, I learned to drive in order to read Los Angeles in the original.”
And there is certainly something to be said for seeing the city by car in order to really understand it. But there is also something to be said for reading the city itself in the original, as seen through its literature. The literature of Los Angeles has helped shape perceptions of the city, and solidify the myths so central to its identity.
From the beginning, Los Angeles has been sold as a kind of city on a hill, a golden town where outlandish dreams can become destiny, deserts can become lawns, and individuals can have the power to blur the lines between fantasy and reality. In this sense, Los Angeles is something of a secular mecca; a destination that has always drawn those who dream of a new beginning, and the chance to remake themselves in the image of whatever they damn well please. This has been especially true for the writers of our city.
Perhaps there is no juxtaposition more fitting for the city than that of sunshine and noir, or paradise and dystopia. Even with all the edenic imagery associated with the city, there is still an acute emptiness at the core of most of the city’s literature.
Here are some seminal books on the city; they explore not just the city’s history, but also its mythology. Because the literature of Los Angeles is such a sprawling topic, it will be divided into a series of posts. This is the first installment, Essential Non-Fiction:
Let’s start with the aforementioned Los Angeles: Architecture of Four Ecologies, which Mike Davis called “the textbook on Los Angeles.”
The Architecture of Four Ecologies by Reyner Banham
Banham, a British architectural historian, was an unabashed lover of Los Angeles and all its eccentricities. His outsider perspective allowed him to examine the built environment with fresh eyes. This volume is an essential part of the Los Angeles oeuvre.
P.S. if you like Banham’s writing, you should definitely check out Reyner Banham Loves Los Angeles, a fantastic and fantastically weird BBC documentary that follows Banham around an early 1970’s LA:
City of Quartz by Mike Davis
Mike Davis’ muckraking City of Quartz is another essential LA book, offering a far more cynical perspective than Banham’s. His examination of race relations, economic disparities, and other Los Angeles struggles is cogent and commanding.
Holy Land: A Suburban Memoir by DJ Waldie
Lakewood, CA—a post-war planned community of tract housing, sort of like the Levittown of Southern California—is, was and will always be Mr. Waldie’s. This sense of home seeps from his prose, so that little slivers of nostalgia permeate even the purest of facts, and Holy Land is as much an autobiography as it is an account of suburbia’s birth. Composed of dozens and dozens (hundreds?) of frank, incisive mini-chapters (for the most part just a page or two in length), Holy Land overlays the history of Lakewood with Waldie’s own personal history and with keen attention to both detail and mythology. This might be a funny comparison, but for some reason Waldie’s passages always remind me a little of a Raymond Carver story.
Landscapes of Desire: Anglo Mythologies of Los Angeles by William Alexander McClung
McClung makes good on what he promises in the title, an exploration of the myths that make up our fair city, all the underpinnings for our castles in the sky. Some portions should probably be skimmed, but overall this is a lyrical look at how our city has come to be seen, with all its dueling myths and merry-go-round of identities. Also, a lot of very nice pictures are included.
The Long Embrace by Judith Freeman
Freeman’s quest to understand Raymond Chandler and his relationship with his much older wife Cissy meanders beautifully through Los Angeles old and new, Chandler’s world and our own. Winding her way through the Hollywood Hills and sections of Chandler’s novels, letters and history, she searches for answers that might not exist…more than anything, this book is an elegiac labor of love, a valentine to Chandler and a bygone world. Can’t recommend it highly enough.
Coast of Dreams: California on the Edge, 1990-2003 by Kevin Starr
USC professor Kevin Starr is best known for his multi-volume series on the history of California, collectively called “America and the California Dream.” The Los Angeles Times has hailed him being “the John Muir of our times. . . . [He’s] utterly fascinated by California and how it has evolved.” Coast of Dreams is the first of his books to tackle Contemporary California and somehow it manages to be equal parts sweeping and intimate. Delivering modern truths about a grand and troubled state, Starr’s massive treatise (some 750 pages) remains at heart a collection a great many stories, something that keeps it far more readable than it might initially appear to be.
Great list! I’d add two more:
Carey McWilliams- An Island on the Land
Joan Didion- Slouching Towards Bethlehem